According to a 2022 report by TOI (Times of India), diabetes-induced deaths increased by 39% between 2019 and 2020, far ahead of COVID-19 and cancer.
However, India’s fatal relationship with diabetes is not a new phenomenon. A 2016 survey published by the Global Burden of Diseases reported that diabetes was the seventh most common cause of death in the country.
Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce insulin (type 1) or does not use insulin properly (type 2). Both types lead to a high concentration of glucose, or sugar, in the bloodstream. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood and allows the body to use sugar from carbohydrates for energy.
Diabetes is not a curable disease, but it can be controlled through changes in lifestyle and diet. Timely medical intervention is another way to ensure that the disease does not progress to advanced stages. Regular symptom monitoring is a must if you want to preserve your health. While there are some common symptoms of diabetes, like feeling thirstier than usual or urinating more often, there are some more obscure symptoms that you need to be aware of if you want to manage your diabetes. If one or more of these symptoms occur, it’s time to see a doctor.
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dark spots on your neck
That discoloration on your neck could just be a sunburn…or it could be your body giving you a wake-up call.
This condition is known as acanthosis nigricans (AN). It is common in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. It occurs when high levels of insulin in the bloodstream cause skin cells to reproduce faster than normal.
Increased skin irritation
Has your skin felt more itchy lately? Or does your skin feel dry even after increasing your water intake or applying a moisturizer? That may well be a symptom of diabetes. Poor blood circulation combined with loss of vital fluids (due to frequent urination) causes the skin to dry out faster than normal.
Wounds that take longer to heal
That little cut that stubbornly refuses to heal even after a week? It can be a symptom of diabetes. High blood sugar levels wreak havoc on veins and arteries and disrupt blood circulation. This causes delays in the healing of cuts and bruises.
Have problems with eyesight lately? Vision changes may occur in the last stages of diabetes. High sugar levels can alter the fluid levels in your eyes, resulting in blurry vision and swelling in the eyes.
Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, be aware of how your breath comes across. If people around you say that it smells fruity or like nail polish, don’t delay in booking an appointment with your doctor.
As the body becomes increasingly unable to utilise insulin for energy, it targets the fat cells to sustain itself. This process produces an acid known as ketones. Excessive ketones in the bloodstream leave your breath smelling of fruits. This condition is known as diabetic ketoacidosis.
World Diabetes Day: If Not Checked, The Condition Can Affect These Bodily Functions
Diabetes, If Not Checked, Can Affect These Bodily Functions
Diabetes, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce adequate insulin or when the body does not use it effectively. If not managed properly, it can cause serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, eyes and nerves.
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