High Blood Sugar: 5 Steps to Protect Eyes and Vision for People With Diabetes

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High blood sugar: You probably already know how important it is to keep your blood sugar levels within the recommended range if you or a loved one has diabetes. Major long-term health problems, such as vision loss, heart disease, and kidney disease, can be avoided or delayed with proper control of blood sugar, HbA1c, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure. .

Diabetes can have a serious negative impact on the eyes, which can lead to blindness or visual impairment. This is due to the fact that high blood sugar can destroy the capillaries in the most delicate tissues of the eye, which transmit signals to the brain and allow clear vision. Permanent vision loss can result from this retinal damage caused by high blood pressure. However, there is hope. One can avoid major eye damage by monitoring and regulating blood sugar levels as recommended by your doctor.

Managing High Blood Sugar: Five Actions to Help Protect Vision During Diabetes

understand the numbers

When blood sugar levels rise, the delicate blood vessels that feed the most delicate areas of the eyes are often the first to suffer damage. High blood sugar specifically damages the retina. The thin tissue that makes up about 65 percent of the back of the eye is called the retina. Many light-sensitive cells reside there, allowing the eyes to communicate visual information to the brain via the optic nerve.

The blood vessels that supply the retina are damaged when blood sugar levels rise. Blurred vision can result from this, either temporarily or permanently. Diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and cataracts are three different eye conditions that are quite common in people with diabetes. Early detection and interventions can minimize such complications. By keeping track of your blood sugar levels, you can reduce your risk of these sight-stealing conditions.

Also Read: EXCLUSIVE: High Blood Sugar: 15 Tips to Manage Diabetes and Live Healthy in the New Year

Stop smoking

All physiological systems are affected by smoking, but diabetics are particularly vulnerable. Smoking damages the veins, arteries and capillaries of the body, exacerbating the diabetes-related eye damage that is already present. Whether you smoke and have tried to quit or want to quit for the first time, don’t give up. Talk to your doctor about your options.

move it

Exercise benefits all physical systems in the same way as smoking, so get moving! After lunch, take a couple of laps around the block. Take a few extra steps and park at the far end of the parking lot. Regular exercise can reduce the risk of developing diabetic eye disease, as it lowers blood sugar levels. Put it on your calendar each week as a reminder to make time for this appointment with yourself that will improve your life. Before beginning any exercise regimen, talk to your doctor to find out what exercises they recommend.

Focus on eating healthy

You are what you eat, we’ve all been told that since we were young. Healthy eating leads to healthy eyes. Eat a diet that is well balanced and contains foods that provide your body with good nutrients to protect the eyes of diabetics. Vitamins A, C, E, beta-carotene, lutein, omega-3 fatty acids, zinc, and zeaxanthin are some of them. Eating a diet rich in green leafy vegetables, fatty fish like salmon, tuna, or mackerel, nuts like walnuts and almonds, beans, lentils, and mushrooms will help you achieve this goal. Maintaining a low glycemic diet is important to control blood sugar levels.

Annual dilated eye exam

The best advice is saved for last: Get a comprehensive dilated eye exam from your ophthalmologist once a year, or more often if recommended, to make sure your blood sugar control efforts are working well. blood help maintain the health of your eyesight. Screening for cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy may be performed at this visit. Your pupils enlarge as your eyes dilate, allowing your ophthalmologist to closely inspect the retina, macula, and optic nerve. Your doctor can identify diabetic retinopathy in its early stages long before you have any symptoms by looking at these sensitive tissues.

(Dr Kuldeep Dole, Medical Director – PBMA HV Desai Eye Hospital and Orbis Partner Hospital)

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